Posts written by Bill M. Mak

Prelego: La Mondo de Umesao Tadao 開講演会:梅棹忠夫の足跡

Dr. Bill M. Mak (Institute for Research in Humanities / Hakubi Center, Kyoto University)

La 6-a Publika Prelegkunveno memore al Japana Tago de Esperanto

Titolo: La Mondo de Umesao Tadao (prelego en Esperanto)

Rezumo:

Umesao Tadao (1920-2010) estas japana etnologo kies komparaj teorioj pri kulturoj kaj scioj estas notinda inter antropologoj. Dum lia profesoreco en Kiota Universitato kaj direktoreco de la Nacio Muzeo pri Etnologio, Umesao ankaŭ havis grandan influon al la japana publiko (okazigo de la Monda Ekspozicio en Osaka en 1970 kaj la fondado de la Nacio Muzeo pri Etnologio). Rimarkinda estas ankaŭ la intima ligo inter Esperanto kaj Umesao, kiu dum jaroj propagandis Esperanton kaj ludis rolon en diversaj E-organizoj japanaj kaj internaciaj. Inter liaj verkaĵoj estas “La Spirito de Esperanto” (1983) kaj “Sepdek-sep ŝlosiloj por la japana civilizacio” (1987). En tiu-ĉi prezentado, mi provos montri la sintenon de Umesao pri la nunaj problemoj de nia mondo, kaj kiel rolas lingva kaj kultura diverseco en la respondoj al tiuj problemoj.

Dato: 2015.6.21 (Dim)

Tempo: 14:00 – 17:00

 

開講演会:梅棹忠夫の足跡

ビル・マク氏 (京都大学人文科学研究所/白眉センター准教授)

(用語:エスペラント、通訳付き)

梅棹忠夫(1920-2010)は京都大学教授として、また国立民族学博物館長として、日本 社会に著しい影響を与えた。梅棹とエスペラントとの親密な関係にも注目すべきもの がある。現在の諸問題に関する梅棹の対応を取り上げ、それらに対して言語・文化の多 様性が果たす役割についてふれたい。

日時:2015 年6月21日(日)

午後2時 ~5時 会場:エスペラント会館4階教室

2015Eの日チラシA4

International Workshop on Traditional Sciences in Asia 2015: An Interdisciplinary Investigation into Overlapping Cosmologies

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International Workshop on Traditional Sciences in Asia 2015: An Interdisciplinary Investigation into Overlapping Cosmologies
アジア伝統科学国際ワークショップ2015:古今の宇宙観

17-19 June, 2015
Kyoto University

Speakers:
Cynthia BOGEL (Kyushu University)
Max DEEG (Cardiff University)
A. A. FODD-REGUER (Saint Joseph’s University)
Eric HUNTINGDON (Princeton University)
ISAHAYA Yoichi (Tokyo University)
KAIFU Norio (National Astronomical Observatory of Japan)
KOYAMA Katsuji (Kyoto University)
Brian LOWE (Vanderbildt University)
Daniel MORGAN (CNRS-Paris VII)
Eric HUNTINGDON (Princeton University)
Cindy POSTMA(Independent Scholar)
Tansen SEN (Baruch College, CUNY)
Ellen VAN GOETHEM (Kyushu University)
YANO Michio (Kyoto Sangyo University)

Workshop website: https://iwtsa.wordpress.com

Ritualistic cyclicity in Indo-Greek astral science

poster

Ritualistic cyclicity in Indo-Greek astral science –

Expressions for various modes of time measurement in the Yavanajātaka

 Astral sciences, mathematics and rituals, Université Paris 7

Mar 19-20, 2015

Abstract:

As a prototypical work of Greco-Indian astral science, the Yavanajātaka, in particular, its last chapter (Ch. 79) on mathematical astronomy, encapsulates some key concepts on time measurements which would later became the mainstream elements in the Indian tradition of jyotiṣa. Some of these key concepts include the large astronomical cycle known as yuga, the smaller cycles of year, season, month, planetary week, day and tithi. What distinguishes the Yavanajātaka from other extant treatises of the first millennium ce, however, is the fluidity of expression of these astronomical cycles in the text, which suggests the ambivalence of the author in his attempt to blend a heterogeneous body of Greek and Indian astronomical and astral concepts, and to express them in a sound, mathematical manner.

Two features of this important chapter which have been overlooked in past studies are: 1) The Indian elements as exemplified by the close resemblance of tithi-based astronomical algorithm and the description of the water clock to those of the Vedāṅgajyotiṣa and the Arthaśāstra respectively;[1] 2) The description of the Lords of year, ayana, season, month, week, day and hour which conclude the chapter before the colophon.

In this presentation, I would like to suggest the expressions of cyclical time-measures in the text have an unexpressed ritualistic character, which lies beyond the scope of the Greco-Indian genethliacal astrology of the preceding 78 chapters. Beside his concern for comprehensiveness, its author Sphujidhvaja was clearly exposed to the ritualistic significance of these various time-measures from different traditions. While the computation of planetary longitude would be essential to the casting of horoscope, the reckoning of days (ahargaṇa) and various “Lords” suggests a synthesis of Greek and Indian rituals which focus on astral worship.


[1] Based on readings from new manuscript [MAK 2013].